Brisbane was first developed in 1825 and named after Sir Thomas Brisbane, the original settlement grew on the location of the current Brisbane central business district. The Brisbane River flows through the centre of the city, with the east of the city located along the shores of Moreton Bay. The city centre is situated in a curve of the Brisbane River and covers just 2.2 square kilometres, making it easily walkable.
Many major business in Australia have offices within the city, tourism is also an important element of the economy. One of more popular areas is The Queen Street Mall which was pedestrianised in 1992 and is lined with retail outlets and other malls including the Wintergarden, Broadway on the Mall, Queens Plaza, Brisbane Arcade and The Myer Centre.
Brisbane Airport is at Eagle Farm, to the north east of the city, and is accessible by road using the Gateway Motorway. Rail services using Airtrain link to the area's commuter system, the Citytrain is the central rail network which serves suburban areas of the city. The CBD is a hub for transport; the main stations are Queen Street Bus and Roma Street.