Nicosia is located in Cyprus and is the last city in the world that is divided between two countries. The capital is the largest city in Cyprus and is ruled on one half by the Republic of Cyprus and on the northern half by the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. As one of the richest cities in the world, Nicosia is a hub for business and finance. Although much of the city is divided and governed separately, there are areas rich in history and culture, including the Cyprus Archaeological Museum, which holds the largest collection of Cypriot antiques.
The city is home to many universities and is one of the busiest areas on the island. The city retains a more cultural feeling than other areas on the south coast of Cyprus which can be seen in the small streets off of the Old Town. Ledra Street is one of the main shopping streets and is now a thoroughfare between North and South Nicosia. Shipping is an important aspect of economy in Nicosia and exists primarily because of its location between Europe and the Middle-east.
The divide between Nicosia, known as the green line, meant for a number of years there was no way to cross between the North and South. In 2003 the first crossing place was opened allowing habitants and tourists to easily cross the border, in some places on foot and some by car. The nearest airport is Larnaca International Airport which is a 40 minute drive from Nicosia centre. There isn’t currently a train network in Cyprus, however, taxis are widely used and can be recognised by the T at the start of the car number plate.