Located on the coast of the island of Java, Jakarta (also known as Djakarta) is the capital and largest city of Indonesia
. Founded over 500 years ago, it has a population of 9 million.
Jakarta is served by the Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, and has developed its new transportation system, which is known as "TransJakarta" or "Busway" and in 2007, Jakarta will establish its newest transportation system, the Jakarta Monorail.
As the economic and political capital of Indonesia, Jakarta attracts many foreign and domestic immigrants. As a result, Jakarta has a decidedly cosmopolitan flavor and a diverse culture. The wealth and political influence in the city is noticeable in its landscape and culture.
Jakarta's roads are notorious for the behaviour of the traffic; the rules of the road are commonly broken and police bribery is easily found. The painted lines on the road are regarded as mere suggestions as vehicles often travel four or five abreast on a typical two-lane road and it's not uncommon to encounter a vehicle travelling the wrong direction in a given traffic flow.
In recent years the number of motorcycles on the streets has been growing, with poor driving creating many more problems . The sea of small, 100-200cc motorcycles creates more traffic, noise and air pollution that plagues Jakarta.