Bucharest is the capital of Romania and is the country’s largest city. It lies in the south west of the country, on the banks of the Dâmbovita River.
The city was first mentioned as the ‘Citadel of Buchresti’ in 1459 and became a residence of the Wallachian prince Vlad III the Impaler. The city’s architectural styles hint at the transformations it’s undergone since then with the suburbs lined in grey housing blocks. There are also remains of medieval churches and courts, baroque palaces and modern office buildings. The city is even home to the world’s second largest building, the Palace of Parliament – a breath-taking work of architecture.
Although some parts of the city are aesthetically unappealing, there’s a vibrant nightlife, a buzzing student population and plenty of museums. The city is a major industrial and economic hub in Eastern Europe and it accounts for around a fifth of Romania’s national income and a quarter of its industrial production.
Bucharest has an extensive public transport system, consisting of the Bucharest Metro, buses, trams, trolleybuses and light rail services.