City Facts - Rotterdam
Rotterdam is a province of South Holland in the west of the Netherlands
. The municipality is the second-largest in the country (behind Amsterdam
). It is the southern part of the Randstad, which is one of the largest metropolitan areas in Europe and has a population of 6.7 million. The name Rotterdam derives from a dam in the Rotte river.
Situated on the banks of the river Nieuwe Mass, Rotterdam port was the busiest in the world during the period of 1962-2004. The name Rotterdam derives from a dam in the Rotte river. The harbour is an important point for transporting bulk materials to and from Europe. In 2007, the Betuweroute, a new fast freight railway from Rotterdam to Germany
, was completed.
Alongside Porto, Rotterdam was European Capital of Culture in 2001. The city has its own orchestra, the Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra with its world-famous musical director Valery Gergiev, a large congress and concert building called De Doelen, plus many theatres (including the new Luxor theatre) and movie theatres. The Ahoy complex in the south of the city is a popular centre for concerts, exhibitions, tennis tournaments and other exhibits. Diergaarde Blijdorp is a popular zoo with a walkthrough sea aquarium called the Oceanium is situated at the northwest side of Rotterdam.